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Striking the balance: from a jack-of-all-trades to focused leadership

· 3 min read
Wojciech Gruszczyk

Being a (co-)founder of a technology startup often requires wearing multiple hats. Initially, it's a necessity due to budget constraints and the need to validate the idea. However, there comes a time when focus becomes more important than versatility. This post explores when to prioritize focus and avoid suboptimal work assignments.

Striking the balance - possible, needed, or just a myth?

The initial jack-of-all-trades reality:

At the outset of a tech startup, limited resources and the need for validation make being a jack-of-all-trades essential. Hiring additional staff is often unaffordable, and expenses must be justified economically. Founders take on various roles, from coding to marketing, to drive the business forward.

Recognizing the need for focus:

There are clear indicators that suggest transitioning from a generalist to a focused leader is necessary:

  • Validated Idea: Once the startup idea is validated and shows growth potential, founders must shift to strategic thinking. This entails dedicating time to decision-making, market analysis, and long-term planning.
  • Overwhelming Tasks: As the startup gains traction, managing all aspects becomes challenging. When stretched thin, and unable to give adequate attention to crucial areas, it's time to focus on specific responsibilities.
  • Limited Expertise and Lower Quality: Founders must acknowledge their limitations. Handing over tasks to specialists ensures higher quality outcomes in areas of limited expertise.
  • Suboptimal Work Assignments: Distributing tasks based on availability rather than expertise leads to inefficiencies. Recognizing team members' strengths allows for effective task allocation.

The downsides of continued versatility:

Continuing as a generalist has negative consequences:

  • Unequal Standing with Team Members: Being a generalist can create a sense of inequality with specialized team members, hindering collaboration (you're not one of them anymore!).
  • Lower Quality Results: Founders may not possess the same level of expertise as specialists, leading to lower quality outcomes.
  • Work Blockages: jack-of-all-trades founders can become bottlenecks, slowing down decision-making and progress.


Transitioning from a jack-of-all-trades to a focused leader is a crucial milestone for tech startup founders. While versatility is important initially, recognizing the right time to shift gears is vital. By embracing focus and delegating tasks to specialists, founders can enhance overall quality, foster collaboration, and unlock their team's potential. Founders should provide strategic direction, make informed decisions, and empower their teams to excel in their areas of expertise.

What are your thoughts on that? Do you agree or disagree? Let me know in the comments below.